Intrauterine Insemination(IUI) is a fertility treatment that involves placing of sperm inside a woman’s uterus to facilitate fertilization. The goal of IUI is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes and subsequently increase the fertilization. Before IUI, the woman should be evaluated for any hormonal imbalance, infection or any other structural problems. Insemination is performed at the time of ovulation. Ovulation is predicted by a urine test kit or blood test and ultrasound. In the case of husband insemination, the male partner produces a specimen, at home or at the clinic or doctor’s office. IUI is also used with specially prepared donor sperm. The sperm bank sends the doctor’s office sperm that is already prepared for IUI.IUI is relatively procedure and is performed in the doctor’s office without any anesthesia.
IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) is a complex series of procedures used to treat fertility or genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child. During IVF mature eggs are collected or retrieved from the ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab. Then the fertilized egg (embryo) eggs are implanted in the uterus. One cycle of IVF takes about two weeks. IVF is the most effective form of assisted reproductive technology. The procedure can be done using your own eggs and your partner’s sperm. IVF may involve eggs, sperm or embryos from an unknown or anonymous donor. In some cases, a gestational carrier- a woman who has an embryo implanted in her uterus – might be used.
ICSI or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection is the most successful treatment for men who are infertile and are used in almost half of the IVF treatments. ICSI only requires the sperm, which is injected directly into the egg. The fertilized egg (embryo) is then transferred into your uterus (womb).